Today, low/zero sperm count, as well as other male infertility issues are so rampant.
As a man, if you have been trying so hard for a while now to impregnate your wife but have been unsuccessful, there is the possibility that you might have a low sperm count , zero sperm count or any other related cases such as Varicocele, Hydrocele, low sperm motility/morphology and so on.
Also called Oligospermia, a person is said to have low sperm count when he has fewer than 15 million sperm cells per millilitre of semen.
In the same way, a person is said to be suffering from Azoospermia if he has no/zero sperm cells in his semen/ejaculate.
Both cases of low and zero sperm count lessens the chances of being able to fertilise your partner’s egg, hence reducing chances of pregnancy. This is just the same way other male infertility issues such as varicocele, hydrocele, low motility and bad morphology reduces the chance of pregnancy too.
Below, we will examine the common and major causes of low/zero sperm count as well as the way out for each of them;
Causes of Low/Zero Sperm CountCauses of Low/Zero Sperm Count and the Way Out
1. Medical ProblemsA condition called varicocele causes swelling of the veins that drain the testicles and is the most common (and reversible) cause of low sperm count and zero sperm count.
Also, certain infections can interfere with sperm production.
Medications that cause ejaculatory problems, cancers and tumours, surgery, undescended testicles, hormonal imbalances, defects in the tubules that transport sperm, certain chromosomal defects, etc. are all other medical reasons for oligospermia and azoospermia.
2. Environmental FactorsThis includes exposure to industrial chemicals, radiation and also overheating of the testicles.
Sperm production in humans depends on the temperature of the testicles. It is the scrotum which regulates the temperature of the testes. However, in extreme heat situations, the scrotum’s natural cooling mechanisms could be insufficient to prevent the rise in testicular temperature. This increase in temperature affects both the quality and quantity of the sperm produced.
3. Health and Lifestyle ProblemsDrug use, alcohol consumption and smoking, unhealthy eating habits, sedentary lifestyle, wearing tight clothes, emotional stress and unhealthy weight are factors that come under this category.
As a man, you need to pay close attention to your these factors and how they affect your fertility.